Jeremiah Joseph Cronin
T/5 in 406th Engineer Combat Co
Military occupational specialty: 35 (carpenter, heavy construction)
Born 1907 in Ireland, Died 1982
County of residence at enlistment: Bronx County, NY
Other residence(s): Dorchester, MA; New York, NY; Delray Beach, FL
United States Army, European Theatre of Operations
Occupation before the war: skilled switchmen, railroad
Jerry Cronin was born on July 14, 1907 in Dromdarragh, Glencar, County Kerry, Ireland. He was the 8th of 11 children born to a farmer and his wife; the family lived in a two-room stone cottage and their property also included two "cow houses". The Cronins were literate in Irish and English, and Jerry earned a grammar school education. There were 39 residents of the townland of Dromdarragh in 1911, and 34 of them were named Cronin!
Jerry emigrated to the US in July 1928, less than a week after his 21st birthday. He originally came to the Boston area—his older sister Sheila was living in Brookline MA, and he got a job as a waiter and a place to live in Dorchester. But in the summer of 1929 he moved to New York City. By 1930 he was working as a laborer withthe Third Avenue Railway, a streetcar system serving the boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx as well as lower Westchester County. He lived in a rooming house near Columbia University with 18 other boarders—mostly Irish.
Jerry married Sarah L. Malvey on April 15, 1934. Sarah was a native-born New Yorker and had been a telephone operator in the 1930 census, but by 1940 she was working as a hospital matron and Jerry had worked his way up to switchman on the railroad. They were living in the Bronx and shared their apartment with Sarah's cousin.
He received his US citizenship in 1935.
Jerry registered for the draft on October 16, 1940 and enlisted on March 12, 1943. He was assigned to the 406th Engineer Combat Company as a heavy construction carpenter, and served in Europe with the unit. He was discharged on September 2, 1945 with the rank of T/5 and returned to the Bronx.
Presumably he continued to work for the railroad, since later records show Sarah collecting a railroad pension. And it was likely the pension that allowed the couple to retire to Delray Beach, FL where they lived for the last decade or so of their lives.
Jerry died on July 27, 1982 in Delray Beach and Sarah died there the following year. She is buried at Gate of Heaven Cemetery, Valhalla, Mount Pleasant NY, so he probably is as well.
From "Pat All in One" ancestry family tree
1911 Irish census
1928 immigration record
1934 marriage index
1935 naturalization record
1940 draft card
1943 enlistment record
1982 VA death record
1982 Social Security death index
1983 wife's obituary in New York Daily News
1983 record of wife receiving railroad retirement pension